personal pronoun

personal pronoun
personal pronoun NOUN each of the pronouns in English (I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, and them) that show contrasts of person, gender, number, and case.
USAGE I, we, they, he, and she are subjective personal pronouns, which means they are used as the subject of the sentence, often coming before the verb ( she lives in Paris ). Me, us, them, him, and her, on the other hand, are objective personal pronouns, which means that they are used as the object of a verb or preposition ( John hates me ). This explains why it is incorrect to say John and me went to the shops : the personal pronoun is in subject position, so it must be I. Where a personal pronoun is used alone, however, the traditional analysis starts to break down. It is sometimes claimed that statements such as she's younger than me and I've not been here as long as her are incorrect and that the correct forms are she's younger than I and I've not been here as long as she . This is based on the assumption that than and as are conjunctions and so the personal pronoun is still subjective even though there is no verb (in full form it would be she's younger than I am ). Yet for most native speakers the supposed ‘correct’ form sounds stilted and is almost never used. It would perhaps be more accurate to say that objective personal pronouns are now used in all cases where the pronoun is not explicitly subjective, and it is therefore acceptable to say she's taller than him and I didn't do as well as her .

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  • Personal pronoun — Personal Per son*al (p[ e]r s[u^]n*al), a. [L. personalis: cf. F. personnel.] 1. Pertaining to human beings as distinct from things. [1913 Webster] Every man so termed by way of personal difference. Hooker. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • personal pronoun — personal pronouns N COUNT A personal pronoun is a pronoun such as I , you , she , or they which is used to refer to the speaker or the person spoken to, or to a person or thing whose identity is clear, usually because they have already been… …   English dictionary

  • personal pronoun — n technical a ↑pronoun such as I , you , or they …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • personal pronoun — noun count LINGUISTICS a pronoun such as I, you, them, or it that refers to a specific person, thing, or group of people or things …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • personal pronoun — n. any of a group of pronouns referring to the speaker(s), the person(s) spoken to, or any other person(s) or thing(s): the English personal pronouns, nominative case form, are: I2, YOU, HE1, SHE, IT1, WE, THEY …   English World dictionary

  • personal pronoun — noun a pronoun expressing a distinction of person (Freq. 2) • Hypernyms: ↑pronoun • Hyponyms: ↑reflexive pronoun, ↑reflexive * * * noun, pl ⋯ nouns [count] grammar : a pronoun (such as I, you, they, or …   Useful english dictionary

  • personal pronoun — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms personal pronoun : singular personal pronoun plural personal pronouns linguistics a pronoun such as I , you , them , or it that refers to a specific person, thing, or group of people or things …   English dictionary

  • Personal pronoun — ExamplesSidebar|35% *He shook her hand. *Why do you always rely on me to do your homework for you? *They tried to run away from the hunter, but he set his dogs after them.Personal pronouns are pronouns used as substitutes for proper or common… …   Wikipedia

  • personal pronoun — noun a) A pronoun which, in English, refers to one or a combination of the following: b) Any pronoun, with an antecedent, standing in as the subject or object of a verb …   Wiktionary

  • personal pronoun — noun Date: 1668 a pronoun (as I, you, or they) that expresses a distinction of person …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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